期刊目次

加入编委

期刊订阅

添加您的邮件地址以接收即将发行期刊数据:

Open Access Article

Journal of Earth Science Research. 2022; 1: (1) ; 14-20 ; DOI: 10.12208/j.jesr.20220002.

The Distribution and Source Analysis of Microplastics in China Offshore Environment
中国近海环境微塑料的分布现状及来源分析

作者: 王毅 *, 周自立, 黎心宇, 徐家琦

三川德青科技有限公司 湖北武汉

晶科能源股份有限公司 江西上饶

湖北永业行评估咨询有限公司 湖北武汉

中煤科工集团武汉设计研究院有限公司 湖北武汉

*通讯作者: 王毅,单位:三川德青科技有限公司 湖北武汉;

发布时间: 2022-01-20 总浏览量: 689

摘要

微塑料作为新兴的污染物已遍布全球的每个角落,海洋环境中广泛存在的微塑料更是生态环境领域及海洋领域近年来重要的研究热点。以中国四大海区为例,总结了中国近海海水及沉积物微塑料的分布现状,分析了微塑料的来源,并对近海环境微塑料的研究方向进行了展望,以期为中国近海环境微塑料的污染防治提供科学依据。

关键词: 海水;沉积物;微塑料;分布;来源

Abstract

Microplastics, as a new pollutant, had been found in every corner of the world. And microplastics, which were widely existed in the marine environment, had become an important research hotspot in the field of ecological environment and marine science. Taking the four major sea areas of China as an example, the distribution of microplastics in the sea water and sediments in China’s offshore waters was summarized, the source of microplastics was analyzed, and the research direction of microplastics in the offshore environment was prospected, in order to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of microplastics pollution in China’s coastal waters.

Key words: Seawater; Sediment; Microplastics; Distribution; Source

参考文献 References

[1] Wang J D, Tan Z, Peng J, et al. The behaviors of microplastics in the marine environment[J]. Marine Environmental Research, 2016, 113: 7-17.

[2] Engler R E. The complex interaction between marine debris and toxic chemicals in the ocean [J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2012, 46: 12302-12315.

[3] Andrady A L. Microplastics in the marine environment[J]. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2011, 62: 1596-1605.

[4] Rochman C M, Hoh E, Hentschel B T, et al. Long-term field measurement of sorption of organic contaminants to five types of plastic pellets: implications for plastic marine debris[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2013, 47: 1646-1654.

[5] Lei L L, Wu S Y, Lu S B, et al. Microplastic particles cause intestinal damage and other adverse effects in zebrafish Danio rerio and nematode Caenorhabditis elegans[J]. Science of The Total Environment, 2018, 619-620:1-8.

[6] Lo H, Chan K. Negative effects of microplastic exposure on growth and development of Crepidula onyx[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2018, 233:588-595.

[7] Bergmann M, Gutow L, Klages M. Marine Anthropogenic Litter[M]. Berlin:Springer International Publishing, 2015.

[8] Jambeck J R, Geyer R, Wilcox C, et al. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean[J]. Science, 2015, 347(6223):768-771.

[9] 张蕾. 我国近海表层水体微塑料含量处于中低水平[N]. 光明日报,2020-09-26(004).

[10] 中华人民共和国生态环境部.2020年中国海洋生态环境状况公报[R].2021.

[11] Zhang W W, Zhang S F, Wang J Y, et al. Microplastic pollution in the surface waters of the Bohai Sea, China[J]. Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 2017, 231:541-548.

[12] 刘涛,孙晓霞,朱明亮,等.东海表层海水中微塑料分布与组成[J].海洋与湖沼,2018,49(01):62-69.

[13] 黄铀佳.我国南海区微塑料的污染现状和未来展望[J].海洋开发与管理,2020,37(06):40-47.

[14] Cai M, He H, Liu M, et al. Lost but can't be neglected: Huge quantities of small microplastics hide in the South China Sea[J]. Science of The Total Environment, 2018, 633:1206-1216.

[15] Wang T, Zou X Q, Li B J, et al. Preliminary study of the source apportionment and diversity of microplastics: Taking floating microplastics in the South China Sea as an example[J]. Environmental pollution, 2019, 245:965-974.

[16] 王晶. 渤海微塑料分布特征及输运过程的数值模拟研究[D].上海:上海海洋大学,2019.

[17] Sun X X, Liang J H, Zhu M L, et al. Microplastics in seawater and zooplankton from the Yellow Sea[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2018, 242:585-595.

[18] Zhu L, Bai H Y, Chen B J, et al. Microplastic pollution in North Yellow Sea, China: Observations on occurrence, distribution and identification[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 636:20-29.

[19] Zhao S Y, Zhu L X, Teng W, et al. Suspended microplastics in the surface water of the Yangtze Estuary System, China: First observations on occurrence, distribution[J]. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2014, 86 (1-2): 562-568.

[20] 吴楠. 渤海湾近岸微塑料的污染分布特征及其与微生物相互作用研究[D].天津:天津大学,2019.

[21] Zhang M Y, Lin Y, Booth A M, et al. Fate, source and mass budget of sedimentary microplastics in the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea[J]. Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987),2021,294:118640.

[22] Zhang C F, Zhou H H, Cui Y Z, et al. Microplastics in offshore sediment in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea, China[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2019, 244:827-833.

[23] 代振飞. 渤海微塑料分布及其影响因素研究[D].烟台:中国科学院大学(中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所),2018.

[24] Yu X B, Peng J P,Wang J D, et al. Occurrence of microplastics in the beach sand of the Chinese inner sea: the Bohai Sea[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2016, 214: 722-730.

[25] 冉文. 黄渤海沉积物和牡蛎体内微塑料污染现状研究[D]. 烟台:中国科学院大学(中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所), 2018.

[26] Zhang L L, Zhang S P, Wang Y H, et al. The spatial distribution of microplastic in the sands of a coral reef island in the South China Sea: Comparisons of the fringing reef and atoll[J]. The Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 688:780-786.

[27] Li R L, Zhang L L, Xue B M, et al. Abundance and characteristics of microplastics in the mangrove sediment of the semi-enclosed Maowei Sea of the south China sea: New implications for location, rhizosphere, and sediment compositions[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2019, 244:685-692.

[28] Cheang C C, Ma Y, Fok L. Occurrence and Composition of Microplastics in the Seabed Sediments of the Coral Communities in Proximity of a Metropolitan Area[J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2018, 15(10):2270.

[29] 许旺,梁鸿,马嵩,等.我国海岸带系统微塑料污染危害及治理对策[J].环境与可持续发展,2018,43(02):21-26.

[30] Schmidt C,Krauth T,Wagner S. Export of Plastic Debris by Rivers into the Sea[J]. Environmental science & technology, 2017,51(21): 12246–12253.

[31] 丁欢,吴思颉,公媛,等. 我国近海环境中微塑料研究进展[C]//面向全球变化的水系统创新研究——第十五届中国水论坛论文集,2017:281-285.

[32] 王晶,赵骞,邢传玺.渤海微塑料输运过程的数值模拟研究[J].海洋湖沼通报,2021,43(02):58-66.

[33] Mai L, Bao L J, Shi L, et al. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons affiliated with microplastics in surface waters of Bohai and Huanghai Seas, China[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2018, 241:834-840.

引用本文

王毅, 周自立, 黎心宇, 徐家琦, 中国近海环境微塑料的分布现状及来源分析[J]. 地球科学研究, 2022; 1: (1) : 14-20.